Cottonseed and Products
Cottonseed is crushed to produce both oil and meal. Cottonseed oil is typically used for cooking oil and cottonseed meal is fed to livestock. Before the cottonseed is crushed for oil and meal, it is de-linted of its linters. Linters are used for padding in furniture, absorbent cotton swabs, and for the manufacture of many cellulose products. The sediment left by cottonseed oil refining, called foots, provides fatty acids for industrial products. The value of cottonseeds represents a substantial 18% of a cotton producer's income.
Prices - The monthly average price of cottonseed oil in 2007 rose by +18.23% yr/yr to 33.76 cents per pound. The average monthly price of cottonseed meal in 2007 rose by +13.36% yr/yr to $161.30 per ton, but still below 2004's 10-year high of $169.45 per short ton.
Supply - World production of cottonseed in the 2005-6 marketing year (latest data available) fell -6.2% yr/yr to 42.555 million metric tons, down from the record high of 45.354 million metric tons posted in 2004-05. The world's largest cottonseed producers are China with 24% of world production, India with 19%, the U.S. with 17%, and Pakistan with 10%. U.S. production of cottonseed in the 2007-08 marketing year fell by -9.91% yr/yr to 6.620 million tons. U.S. production of cottonseed oil in 2007-08 fell by -5.39% yr/yr to 790 million pounds, down from the 10-year high of 957 million pounds posted in 2004-05. U.S. annualized production of cottonseed cake and meal in two months of the 2007-08 marketing year (Aug-Jul) fell by -20.83% yr/yr to 996 thousand tons.
Demand - U.S. cottonseed crushed (consumed) in the U.S. annualized for two months of the 2007-08 marketing year fell by -24.53% to 2.023 million tons, far below the levels of over 4 million tons seen in the 1970s.
Trade - U.S. exports of cottonseed in 2007-08 fell -40.0% to 375,000 short tons, while imports were virtually zero.